The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) recently released Guiding Principles for the Care of People With or at Risk for Diabetes. These principles, which NDEP developed in partnership with experts from a range of clinical and government organizations, highlight the generally agreed-upon elements of current evidence-based diabetes care, including management and prevention.
Diabetes is a chronic illness that disproportionately affects poor and minority populations. NDEP reports that of the 21 million U.S. adults who have diagnosed diabetes, about 90 to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes. As such, the principles focus primarily on prevention and management of type 2 diabetes in adults, though much of the material is also relevant to type 1 diabetes, gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes in children, and other rarer forms of the disease. The principles also include sections on special populations and patient-centered care.